Text – LUKE 9:28—36


In his book, FAITH, HOPE, AND HILARITY, Dick Van Dyke talks about the confusion a preacher’s little boy had over some of the teachings of the church.  After hearing his father preach on “Justification”, “Sanctification”, and all the other “ations”, he was ready when his Sunday school teacher asked if anyone knew what “procrastination” means.  “I’m not sure what it means,” he quickly replied, “but I know our church believes in it.”

This morning, we have yet another of those “ations” to talk about — “Transfiguration” — “The Transfiguration Of Our Lord Jesus Christ".

The disciples had been with Jesus long enough to know He is The Christ – The One anointed by God to bring about our Salvation.  Peter had confessed that Truth barely a week before at Caesarea Philippi.  Still as Jesus told him, Peter needed the enlightenment of The Holy Spirit to confess that Truth in pagan Caesarea Philippi.

By the enlightenment of The Holy Spirit, Peter was also able to confess that Jesus is The Son of the Living God – true God and true Man. Peter had a little more trouble with that concept – as did the other disciples as well.


Now eight days later, Jesus took with Him Peter and John and James and went up into the mountain to pray. Jesus constantly went some place to pray.  Every major event in Jesus' life as the flesh and blood human Christ was preceded by His going somewhere to pray. This time Jesus took with Him Peter and John and James. 


I found Mt. Tabor to be a wonderful place to pray and study God’s Word. Located five miles east of Nazareth and twelve miles west of the southern end of the Sea of Galilee, I could experience God’s Living Word among all those wonderful signs of God’s bountiful Creation in the nature preserve while viewing the sites below where the history of the loving and faithful relationship God has established with us have taken place.  

I envy Peter, James, and John who actually spent their time there with Jesus Himself. What a glorious opportunity!  Well, actually they slept.  Now Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep. 


And as Jesus was praying, the appearance of His countenance was altered and His appearance became dazzling white.  Since Jesus’ birth in that Bethlehem cave-stable, people had seen The Man Jesus — truly a human being like every one of us.  Now, on Mt. Tabor, for the only time in those 33 years from birth to crucifixion, Jesus was seen as truly The Son of The Living God. The splendor and grandeur of Jesus’ appearance even extended to His clothes which became dazzling white beyond anything human eyes had seen before or since.

And behold, two men talked with Jesus - Moses and Elijah who appeared in glory and spoke of His departure, which He was to accomplish at Jerusalem. Talk about the opportunity to study God’s Word -  God’s great Lawgiver Moses and God’s great prophet Elijah — the Law and the Prophets who had provided the people of God with God’s Living Word and Truth —  appeared in their eternal heavenly glory to talk with Jesus about His departure, which He was to accomplish at Jerusalem —  talked with Him about His Mission to suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes up to and including His crucifixion and on His third day in the tomb being raised. What a conversation that must have been for those disciples who had such trouble accepting Jesus’ Mission on earth!

While Jesus prayed, as He was transfigured, as He began to talk with Moses and Elijah, Peter and those who were with him were sound asleep.

How much we people miss if we are spiritually asleep when we should be praying or seeking to explore God’s Word and Truth.

How wonderful that God cares so much about us, loves us so much, and is so faithful to us that God keeps coming to us — that God constantly seeks to awaken us from our spiritual slumber.

Peter, James, and John slept — until God graciously awakened them — and when they wakened they saw Jesus’ glory and Moses and Elijah with Him.

They saw for themselves that Mary’s human Son Jesus The Christ is truly The Son of The Living God — true Man, yes, but also true God.

In order for God to conquer our sin, guilt, and death and restore our eternal life and relationship with God, God had to accomplish what only God could but God also had to truly be The human Christ Who lived a perfect human life and, as the Perfect High Priest, offered that life as The Perfect Human Sacrifice - God Who came as the human Christ to suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed for our eternal Salvation - through suffering and death that could only happen to a human being.  He had to be True God through all eternity and True Man born of the virgin Mary.

The sights they were seeing - the words they were hearing — it all left James and John totally speechless.  What would you or I have said?

Peter could not stand to be speechless. When a situation left others speechless, Peter always said something.  


Peter said to Jesus, “Master, it is well that we are here.” Why would we want to go to Jerusalem to see You betrayed, suffering and being killed?  Why not just stay here? Let us make three booths, one for you and one for Moses and one for Elijah,” Well, Peter had to say something. 

Do we live our faith in Christ to the fullest — in ways which impact on every aspect of our lives — or do we, like Peter on Mt. Tabor, want the comfort of the booths — permanent theatre pews from which to watch the on-going drama of Christ’s work on earth … a compartmentalized life with a Sunday booth in the shade of Christian worship and nary a thought of our faith impacting upon life outside in the world?   


Jesus didn't answer Peter's suggestion about the booths. As Peter spoke, a cloud came and overshadowed them. The disciples were afraid as they entered the cloud.  Now anyone who has spent any time on a mountain knows how a person can get caught up in the clouds — but there in the midst of the Transfiguration and everything else that was happening, there was something otherworldly about this cloud.  

And a Voice came out of the cloud, saying, “This is My Son, My Chosen; listen to Him!”  My Son – true God coming to dwell among people as never before - My Chosen – true Human Christ-Savior of all humanity. That’s the Truth that makes us truly free spoken by God Himself.

As God The Father had done at Jesus’ Baptism, He again testified to Jesus’ true Identity as God Himself among us as The vulnerable flesh and blood Christ.  And this time God added the admonition, “Listen to Him!  Listen to what He tells you about The Divine Plan of Salvation — Listen when He tells you The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes and be killed (crucified), and on the third day be raised.  Listen to Him!”

And when the Voice (Which they knew beyond any doubt to be God’s Own Voice) had spoken, Jesus was found alone.  Peter, James, and John kept silence and told no one in those days (before Jesus’ crucifixion and Resurrection) anything of what they had seen. 

What powerful testimony we heard from in our Second Lesson from Peter himself where he reported, “... we did not follow cunningly devised fables when we made known to you the Power and Coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we ourselves were eyewitnesses of His Majesty.  For He received from God the Father Honor and Glory when such a Voice came to Him from the Excellent Glory: ‘This is My beloved Son, in Whom I am well pleased.” (2 PETER 1:16-21) True God through all eternity – true Man born of the virgin Mary – guaranteeing our eternal relationship with God. 




March 3, 2019

Dr. Kurt Borows

Pastor, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Catawba Island, Port Clinton, Ohio


Text – LUKE 5:1—11


In Galilee, God had blessed His people with a lake boasting some of the best fishing in the world. Not only were those fish a food staple in Galilee itself, but the fish were salted and shipped to Jerusalem and to places as far away as Damascus and Egypt - and even to Rome.

Profitable as the fishing was, the licenses Rome required were very expensive and always had to be accompanied by an expensive bribe for the tax collector. In our Gospel text, we meet two of the families with those licenses to fish.   


Each day - as the sun was setting - Zebedee and his sons James and John and Jonas and his sons Simon and Andrew headed out onto the lake. Throughout the night they would cast their weighted nets into the sea and then slowly draw them back to the boat - hopefully filled with fish - and there they would remain until the hold was filled with fish or the sun was beginning to rise. The hours were long and the work was hard - but each morning the fisherman's wage was one third of his catch.


Along with the holders of those precious fishing licenses, one of the more prosperous industries by the lake involved the boat owners who took care of the boats and rented them each night to the fishermen for one-third of the night's catch. The remains of this First Century fishing boat recovered from the Sea of Galilee gives us some idea of how large these boats were.  


The final third went to the net people. Every morning, they cleaned and stitched the nets and did everything necessary to get them ready for the next night’s rental.

One day as Jesus was standing by the Sea of Galilee, with people crowding around Him and listening to The Word of God, Jesus saw at the water’s edge two boats, left there by the fishermen, who were washing their nets.  Luke goes on to report that the fishermen who were washing their nets by their boats were Peter and Andrew. Zebedee and his sons James and John were in their boat with the hired men – people they were employing in the fishing business.

Peter and Andrew with their father Jonas and James and John with their father Zebedee had those very expensive fishing licenses and they had earned enough from their fishing to own their own boats and nets meaning every night’s catch belonged totally to them. And you no doubt recall when Peter and John followed Jesus to His Judean trial, they were admitted to the high priest’s house because the gatekeeper recognized John as the man who sold fish to the high priests’cooks.  


Zebedee and Jonas and their sons were not only fishermen, boat people, and net people, but they were also involved in sales which meant they were involved in preparing their fish in Magdala and Taricheae where the day’s catch was brought  and prepared for shipping.

Their fishing business was indeed a very successfull First Century corporation – but they still felt something was missing in their lives.

Getting into one of the boats, Jesus asked Simon to put out a little from the land.  And Jesus sat down and taught the people from the boat. One of the central characteristics of our Lord and Savior is His constant willingness to do whatever is necessary to communicate with us.  When He had ceased speaking, He said to Simon, "Put out into the deep and let down your nets for a catch."


Everyone knew Simon to be a proud man who would never want people to laugh at him for following advice everyone knew was contrary to all their fishing experience. The fishermen waited for a verbal explosion from Simon. Instead he calmly replied, "Master, we toiled all night and took nothing!  But at Your word I will let down the nets."    

And when they had done this, they enclosed a great shoal of fish; and, as their nets were breaking, they beckoned to their partners in the other boat to come and help them.  And they came and filled both the boats, so they began to sink.

When Simon Peter saw the miraculous catch of fish, he fell down at Jesus' knees, saying, "Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord."

Simon Peter caught a wonderful vision that went far beyond a miraculous catch of fish.   Simon Peter discovered himself to be in the visible Presence of The Lord -- and that is not a comfortable place for a sinful man to be.

Simon Peter knew himself to be an overly-proud, boastful, hot-tempered man with many a sinful failing in his character.  How could he possibly feel comfortable in the Presence of The Lord? The Presence of The Lord drove him to his knees and caused him to feel a sinful man's fear and discomfort in the Presence of The Lord Who can command the very forces of nature to do His bidding.

We have all been there. We all recognize the Divine Truth God proclaimed through St. Paul in his EPISTLE TO THE ROMANS (3:22b-23). "There is no distinction; since all have sinned and fall short of the Glory of God …"  St. Paul and each of us truly understand Simon Peter's feelings in the Presence of The Lord.  

"Depart from me, for I am a sinful man, O Lord." was Simon’s plea, but Jesus did not depart from Simon Peter. 

Jesus said, "Do not be afraid; henceforth you will be catching men."  

That day, in one miracle, Jesus filled the fishermen's nets with fish.  In the second and greater miracle, Jesus filled their lives with forgiveness, grace, and temporal and eternal meaning -- filled their lives with those blessings in such quantity that the blessings truly spilled over into the lives of others.

Jesus said, "Do not be afraid; henceforth you will be catching men."  The word here translated "catching" is actually the Greek word, "??????", which means   “to catch alive” — an obvious contrast to “catching fish” which are removed from the water to die and be eaten.   The blessings of The Gospel catch people alive and keep us truly alive now and eternally.

Jesus doesn't merely say to Simon Peter and the others, "I forgive you all your past and present sins; go and try to do better."  No, Jesus actually invites the sinful Simon Peter and the others to be so filled with Jesus’ love that they themselves become agents of Jesus' forgiveness and reconciliation  -- helping to bring others to a loving and faithful relationship with God as Simon Peter and the other original disciples have received those gifts.

So they pulled their boats up on shore, left everything and followed Him. So enlightened and empowered were they by all they saw Jesus do and heard Him say that those prosperous fishing industry people left everything and followed Him.

Therein lies the real miracle on the lake -- in the lives of those imperfect   fishermen who, by the Grace of God, became evangelical fishers of human beings – in the lives of imperfect human beings like us who, by the Grace of God, are committed to answering Jesus’ call to lovingly and faithfully proclaim The Word of God as revealed incarnately in Jesus Christ and inerrantly in The Holy Bible.



5th Sunday After The Epiphany

February 17, 2019

Dr. Kurt Borows 

Pastor, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Catawba Island, Port Clinton, Ohio


“The Sermon They Didn’t Want Jesus To Preach”

Text – ISAIAH 61:1—3 and LUKE 4:16-21


Who is this Jesus Christ God reveals so powerfully to us in this Epiphany Season of revealing and showing forth?

The synagogue in Nazareth was crowded that Saturday 21 centuries ago. They all wanted to hear the visiting rabbi.  You see there was a new teacher in town.  Well, maybe not completely new.  As a teacher, He certainly was new to them -- but, as a person, they knew Him well -- or at least thought they did.  After-all, He had grown up just a stone's throw from the synagogue.

From toddler to age 30, Jesus had been the nice kid down the street -- the carpenter's son learning Joseph's trade and being rather good at it … the devout boy turned devout teenager turned devout man who brought a pride-filled gleam to the local rabbi's eye.  Everybody loved Jesus.  They hated to see Him go when the 30 year old Jesus moved to Capernaum.

He had been gone a year now and there had been a steady stream of news. They heard He turned water into wine at a wedding in Cana … healed the deathly ill son of an official at Capernaum … healed a leper somewhere else … and cured a demon-possessed man in still another place. 

They had also heard of people coming from miles around to question Him and to hear Him discuss The Word of God -- and now, He was back in His Old hometown on a Sabbath Day.   Surely He would come to the synagogue.

At the beginning of the service, the elder got the scroll which contained the main Scripture reading for the day.  It was always taken from one of the first 5 books of THE HOLY BIBLE – The Torah – The Books of The Law.   As the elder brought the scroll forward, one of the men would volunteer to read the selected passage and then would lecture on it or lead a discussion about it.

Imagine their disappointment when Jesus neither read nor entered into the discussion.  This was the most important part of the service and Jesus wasn't even participating.

Jesus remained silent until the service was almost over -- until the time of the second reading … the reading that was always taken from one of the prophetic books of THE HOLY BIBLE.  This reading was considered less important than the first one -- but involved the same time for reading and discussion as the first.

The elder picked up the scroll containing THE BOOK OF ISAIAH and Jesus volunteered to read from it.  The text was ISAIAH, Chapter 61,verses 1 and 2 -- "The Spirit of The Lord is upon me, because He has chosen Me to preach The Good News to the poor.  He has sent Me to proclaim liberty to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind; to set free the oppressed, and announce the year when The Lord will save His people."

The passage was familiar to everyone.  They knew it contained the description of The Christ God Himself had given to ISAIAH - God's description of The One God promised to send to save the people.

The Nazareth congregation had heard about Jesus' great ability to interpret God's Word and they anxiously anticipated His insights into Messianic Prophecy -- especially His interpretation of one of the best known of all Messianic Prophecy texts.

As Jesus laid down the scroll, walked over to the preaching-teaching chair, and sat down, everyone wondered what He would say.

No one was prepared for what Jesus did say.  There was one unanimous gulp -- a whole room of worshipers sucking air in shock.

Had they heard Him right?  Had Jesus really said, "Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing"?  Was Jesus really claiming to be the long-promised Messiah?

Jesus was taking the Words of Prophecy God spoke through ISAIAH describing The Messiah-Christ as a description of Himself. Jesus was taking those well-known Words of Prophecy as the text of His "State of the Kingdom" address … as His Own Words of Promise … as His modus operundi … as a description of His Messianic Mission and Ministry.

The sacred text says “He has sent Me to proclaim liberty to the captives”.

It is a text that separates Jesus and His Holy Christian Church from all of the world’s false religions. Only through His true Holy Christian Church, Jesus offers true temporal and eternal liberty to the captives.- something only the true Messiah can offer.

Here in America – and throughout the world – we are living in an age when Christ’s teachings and followers are under constant attack and morality has been officially replaced by hedonism and selfish egotism and when The Truth has been replaced by political correctness – an age when successful movements have created a society in which no one is made to take responsibility for their actions and those attempting to live by Jesus’ Teachings are labeled prejudiced.

God only deals in Truth – All have sinned and fall short of the Glory of God and the wages of sin is death.  That means the entire human race is captive to the tempter, to temptation, sin, guilt, death, and all the human frailties with which death rules.  And, as part of creating us in The Image of God, God gave us insight into our God and consciences to keep us aware of the merit or evil in all we do.

In Christ, we have the words of our text – the words of promise spoken by God through the prophet Isaiah - He has sent Me to proclaim liberty to the captives.

What makes those words so powerful is the fact that only God could offer that Promise and fulfill it.  No false god created by human beings can honestly make such a promise or fulfill it. The wages of sin is death, but The Gift of God – and only God - is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord Who came to proclaim liberty to the captives. God Himself came as a vulnerable flesh and blood Christ – came as the Ultimate High Priest to offer His Perfect Human Life as The Perfect Human Sacrifice to give liberty to the captives – to conquer the tempter, temptation, sin, guilt, death, and all the other human frailties with which death rules.

For the members of an increasingly politically correct- but morally and theologically false - society, there is opportunity in Christ for repentance, forgiveness and God’s Own Gift of eternal life and liberty.  And yes, it is in Jesus Christ – and only in Jesus Christ – that there is truly Liberty for the captives, Jesus confessed that He and He alone is the Messiah-Christ God promised through Isaiah to send among us “to proclaim liberty to the captives, and recovery of sight to the blind; to set free the oppressed, and announce the year when The Lord will save His people."Having read Isaiah’s prophetic words, Jesus left no doubt as He proclaimed "Today this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing".

And they were all filled with wrath in the synagogue, as they heard these things.  They all knew Who Jesus was claiming to be – what Promises He had come to fulfill.

An Epiphany in Jesus’ own words! And they rose up, and cast Him forth out of the city, and led Him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might throw Him headlong.  20th and 21st Century terrorists and atheistic hedonists were not the first to attack The Body of Christ and His True Church. Hedonistic and selfish human beings did not just invent their false claims in the 20th and 21st Centuries.

But Jesus, passing through the midst of them, went His Way - His Way to the cross to earn temporal and eternal liberty for all the captives held in bondage to the tempter, to temptation, sin, guilt, death, and all the human frailties with which death rules - His Way to the empty tomb where He proclaimed and offers that liberty to the captives and all those other gifts only God can give.




Fourth Sunday of the Epiphany Season (actually texts for 3rd Sunday of Epiphany Season)

February 3, 2019

Dr. Kurt Borows

Pastor, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Catawba Island Port Clinton, Ohio



Text – LUKE 10:01-12


Smitty Weaver is the shyest of all the workers at the GM plant – until someone mentions those Cleveland Indians.  Then Smitty comes to life drawing vivid sketches with his animated and lively speech – he has a story to tell and loves telling it.

Mildred Gunderson is that way about garage sales.  She always knows where the best ones are and is ready to tell the story.

The Thorntons are really quiet until they bring out the pictures of their grandchildren and then, they too, have stories to tell – lots of stories.  

I guess we each have our own stories to tell - some subject or subjects which interest us more than anything else in life and which become our story to tell – the story we love to tell.

A century ago, a young Anglican churchwoman named Arabella Katherine Hankey wrote “I love to tell the story of unseen things above, of Jesus and His Glory, of Jesus and His Love.  I love to tell the story, because I know its true; it satisfies my longings as nothing else can do.”  Katherine Hankey had her story – the story she loved to tell.

Is there any other story that can bring the gifts of the forgiveness of sins, the cleansing of the soul, eternal relationship with God?   Is there any greater News to  share?  

Ask anyone – ask yourself – what does God’s Presence in your life mean? What does God’s Gospel Story really mean to us in the daily living of our lives?

All of us would usually answer both of those questions by speaking about the strength and comfort God and The Gospel Story brought to us at some difficult or helpless time in our lives – and certainly there is a lot of truth in that response – and yet, when we are truly sensitive to God’s Presence and Story, we know and feel The Divine Presence in our good and happy times as well.

This morning we see Jesus teaching His students how to share The Gospel. The Lord appointed seventy others, and sent them on ahead of Him, two by two, into every town and place where He Himself was about to come. 

These seventy others were some of Jesus’ disciples.  When we Christians hear the word “disciple”, we immediately think of those twelve men who were constantly with Jesus during His three years of preaching, teaching and doing signs throughout the Holy Land.  Actually, there were many people who – though not constantly with Him like the twelve we know – nevertheless spent a lot of time seeing and hearing Him – learning from Him – and then going to carry the good news about Him to their neighbors and friends.  Today we meet seventy of them as Jesus sends them to proclaim The Gospel.

First Jesus identifies the need – “The harvest is plentiful, but the laborers are few.”  The harvest was plentiful then with so many hungering for The Good News of Jesus.  The seventy were no doubt aware of how valuable it was and of the fact that the laborers working to proclaim and share it were few.  Just as the harvest is plentiful now with so many needing The Good News Jesus has given us – and, still today as then, the laborers are few.  There are never enough people proclaiming The Gospel – telling the old, old story.



Then Jesus speaks to identify the means for meeting the need - “pray The Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest”  What is Jesus really asking the seventy – and us – to do about this plentiful harvest with too few laborers?  Prayer is our most basic form of communication with God.  Prayer is the way we talk with God – the way we verbalize our feelings and desires to God – the way we express our faith and trust in God to Whom we make our petitions – the way we express our commitment to the goals for which we pray to God.

Obviously, it would be foolish to pray for something we really don’t want - or would not truly support – so with our prayers must go our active support.

When we accept The Lord’s call to “pray The Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest”, we are joining Jesus in supporting and committing ourselves to that harvest. Notice how Jesus says “pray The Lord of the harvest to send out laborers into His harvest. Go your way.”  Pray and go – the two go together like a single thought.



Pray that God will do something about this need and then go offer yourself as one of the divine vehicles through whom God’s harvest is done.  That is prayer in its purest form.

Our typical response is “Who? Me, Lord?”  We are not real comfortable hearing a Divine “yes, you” – hearing Jesus say “pray” and then “go and do.”  

And listen to the job description Jesus gave to those first seventy evangelists – “Go your way; behold, I send you out as lambs in the midst of wolves.  Carry no purse, no bag, no sandals, and salute no one on the road.” Not a very inviting job description!

The basic human response to Jesus’ commission is “Lord, I’m not prepared.  I’m not good at this.”

Jesus responds, “I know.  I am sending you out as lambs in the midst of wolves. Those who are most in need of what I am offering through you are probably most likely to reject it – at least at first.”

“Well, carry no purse with you – leave the cash, the checkbook, and the Visa and MasterCard home. Carry no bag – forget about the basic provisions most travelers carry with them. Carry no sandals – take only the clothes on your back and feet, nothing extra.” Jesus sends the seventy out on an evangelistic assignment which has something of a “mini-wilderness experience” about it.  They are to rely on no human or material resources – only on God – to complete the task God has given them.  “Salute no one on the road - do not allow yourself to be sidetracked by meaningless passing of time when you are on so urgent a mission as sharing The Word of God.”

As we said, the equipment for this assignment is truly basic – focus on the need everyone has for those things which only The Gospel of Jesus Christ can give – pray to God that His Message will be heard – and agree to proclaim that Word yourself with your faith totally in God to get the job done.

The seventy went and experienced doing what Jesus had sent them to do – they experienced the power of that Faith in God and in the proclaiming of His Word.  What wonderful and dramatic things they saw take place in Jesus’ Name!  They truly had a story to tell – and God gave them His Presence and Power to tell it.


“And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age.” 

Later on, Jesus sent the 70 out again – as He sends us - this time totally equipped with all their human or material resources - but still remembering the only essential they needed was Jesus Himself and the story we need to tell.

There is no truer story to tell – no story more capable of satisfying the deepest of human longing in this world – no other story able to carry us into eternity.  What a privilege to be given the story by our Savor Who calls us to share it with the world – in our homes, in our churches, in our nation and beyond.



Seventh Sunday After Pentecost

February 10, 2019

Dr. Kurt Borows

Pastor, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Catawba Island, Port Clinton, Ohio


Text - JOHN 1:29-31 and THE 23rd PSALM


The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, "Behold! 

The Lamb of God Who takes away the sin of the world!"

John and Andrew knew – as David had before them – that without a conscientious shepherd to lead them, Judean sheep would die of starvation or thirst or wander into eminent danger.

I have an article in my files I’ve shared in sermons and BIBLE studies for years about a group of Basque shepherds who left their flocks in the field as they went into town for supper. A sudden storm, a bolt of lightning, and a loud clap of thunder caused a panicky ram to run and 3,000 sheep followed that ram off the edge of a cliff to their death. I’ve seen less fatal but equally erratic behavior myself,

As if Israel’s barren terrain and the sheep's helpless nature aren't enough of a handicap, their anatomy adds to their problems.  

While cattle can graze the same pasture for long periods of time, sheep have such narrow lips that they eat the grass right down to the soil and their cloven hoofs tear up that soil and the roots just beneath it.  When it comes to water, sheep will only drink it if the water is truly clear and perfectly still.

In the animal kingdom, most of the species are wild - living by the basic instincts and abilities The Creator has given them. We've domesticated some like dogs, cats, birds, horses - but, even there, the key is we have domesticated them - they were wild – basically self-sufficient and we made them pets or beasts of burden.

Sheep – domesticated or not - would not survive without a conscientious shepherd.

The two future disciples knew how blessed are we human beings – more dependent than all other creatures  on a Divine Shepherd to nurture and guide us – to truly have our Divine Shepherd.

The Psalmist David – years before God came among us as the vulnerable flesh and blood Christ – knew that Divine Shepherd very well. Those nights – laying under the stars and writing his psalms - he must have thought here I am taking care of these helpless sheep who couldn't make it without their human shepherd - but where would I be without my own Divine Shepherd.  Thank God, The Lord is my Shepherd; I shall not want.

He maketh me to lie down in green pastures.  The pastures of food which God has blessed us human beings with come in such abundance that, having been well fed, we are able to find rest and solitude as we figuratively lie down in green pastures. He leads me beside the still waters - the clean, clear, unpolluted, still waters even the most finicky sheep would treasure. Our Creator cares for our physical needs in such abundance that even the most selfish hoarding cannot diminish the generosity of divine gifts.

My Divine Shepherd leads me in the paths of righteousness for His Name's sake. In THE HOLY BIBLE, righteousness - whether referring to God Himself or to human beings or to other animals or even inanimate objects - always means living up to the definition God has given to describe Himself, or us, or something else. We are only righteousness when we live up to the definition of what God created us to be. To make us righteous in God’s sight, He leads using the paths of righteousness

Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil for God is with me; His rod and staff comfort me. 

For the Holy Land sheep following shepherds through narrow valleys surrounded by mounts, there are numerous shadowy areas where predatory animals and human thieves can hide to snatch a wandering lamb and abandoned cisterns into which careless lambs tumble - their valley of the shadow of death.

Terrorists who consider murder to be virtuous behavior - the prevalence today of the most erratic and dangerous weather patterns of our lifetime - new threats from new diseases and some ancient ones resurfacing in parts of our world - our modern world lives in the valley of the shadow of death - and in the end we will all die - but our Divine Shepherd is with us.

And with our Divine Shepherd and our human flock there is more – far more.  God – our Divine Shepherd – came among us to restore our souls and save us. Created in the Image of God for an eternal relationship of love and trust with God, we humans have a dimension to our lives that no other animals have or can even comprehend having. 

Human sinners that we are, we tarnish that Image and alienate ourselves from the relationship God has so loving established with us- but God restores our souls and renews His relationship with us.

How great is God’s love for us? God not loves and blesses us through the entirety of our lives as our Divine Shepherd, but God comes among us as one of the flock- as The Lamb of God Who takes away the sin of the world!". We can scientifically gauge the difference between a human being and a sheep. The difference between God and us is so great that we can not even begin to describe or gauge the difference – but God loves us so much He came among us as the vulnerable flesh and blood member of the human flock - the Lamb of God to redeem us and to restore that Relationship God created us to have and we and our sins destroyed.

Our Divine Shepherd Who came as The vulnerable flesh and blood Lamb of Goddid not count equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a servant, being born in the likeness of men. And being found in human form He humbled Himself and became obedient unto death, even death on the cross. (PHILIPPIANS 2:6b—8)

God preparest a table before us in the presence of our enemies. 

In the presence of temptations, we all too easily succumb to - in the presence of those sins which alienate and separate us from God - in the presence of guilt and death - we come to the altar table as we will next Sunday to commune with Jesus in the meal The Lamb of God has prepared for us with His Own Body and Blood.

"Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life ..." - because our Creator loves us that much.

"And I shall dwell in the house of The Lord forever” because our Creator has created us for that eternal relationship and our Savior suffered and died on the cross and rose from the dead to spend eternity with us.

The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, "Behold! 

The Lamb of God Who takes away the sin of the world!"  Behold Jesus!

The Son of God throughout all eternity and The Son of Man born of the virgin Mary – God becoming one of us to truly relate to us, to perfectly communicate His Word and His Will to us, and to give His Perfect Life for us on the cross to lead us out of death itself. 

"Behold! The Lamb of God Who takes away the sin of the world!"




3rd Sunday After The Epiphany Of Our Lord January 27, 2019 -week late due to snow level 4

Dr. Kurt Borows

Pastor, Resurrection Lutheran Church, Catawba Island, Port Clinton, Ohio

Bible Verse of the Day

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